Delinquency rates for commercial agricultural loans are at a six-year high, a report from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. shows.
Following several years of low farm income and increasing debt, the American Farm Bureau Foundation found that both the real estate and non-real estate lending sectors are at a six-year high.
The report says 2.5% of commercial real estate loans in agriculture were more than 30 days past due during the first quarter of 2019, up .4% from the prior quarter. Non-real estate loans experienced a similar uptick in delinquency with 2.3% more than 30 days overdue, up 0.8% from the prior quarter. Both real estate and non-real estate delinquency trends were above the historical average.
The foundation said although delinquency rates are far below what they were during the Great Recession — when, at one point, 4% of real estate loans were more than 30 days past due — the current trend is concerning.
For the past 24 quarters, rates of loan delinquency have increased.
Farm bankruptcies are on the rise, too. In Michigan, there were 14 fillings for Chapter 12 farm bankruptcy from July 2018 to June 2019, according to U.S. courts calculations, five more than the previous year. The Midwest experienced 240 fillings of Chapter 12 farm bankruptcies from July 2018 to June 2019, a 12% increase from the previous year and more fillings than any other region.
The American Farm Bureau Foundation notes that to combat these changes, the federal government has offered assistance to farmers, including passage of the Family Farmer Relief Act. Eligibility for Chapter 12 bankruptcy claims is broadened under this act, which allows those eligible to have a seasonal repayment plan schedule at a lower cost than other chapter filings.