WASHINGTON — The U.S. Supreme Court on Thursday salvaged a President Obama-era program that has allowed hundreds of thousands of young, unauthorized immigrants known as “Dreamers” to remain in the country without immediate fear of deportation.
In a 5-4 decision, Chief Justice John Roberts sided with the court’s liberal wing in finding that the President Trump administration broke the law in 2017 when it rescinded the program, known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).
Roberts wrote the majority opinion and was joined by Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Elena Kagan, Stephen Breyer and Sonia Sotomayor.
The court held that the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s decision to end the program was “arbitrary and capricious” and therefore in violation of the Administrative Procedure Act.
“We do not decide whether DACA or its rescission are sound policies,” Roberts wrote. “‘The wisdom’ of those decisions ‘is none of our concern.’”
But the department, he said, “failed to consider the conspicuous issues of whether to retain forbearance and what if anything to do about the hardship to DACA recipients. That dual failure raises doubts about whether the agency appreciated the scope of its discretion or exercised that discretion in a reasonable manner.”
The ruling drew cheers from liberal lawmakers and advocates across the country.
“By rejecting the Trump administration’s illegal attempt to end DACA, the Supreme Court provided a critical measure of relief to DACA recipients and their families at a time when they — like all Americans — are experiencing significant fear and uncertainty as a result of the coronavirus pandemic,” Neera Tanden, president and CEO of the Center for American Progress, said in a statement.
U.S. Rep. Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) said he supported the decision and urged Congress to find bipartisan immigration solutions.
“Today’s Supreme Court decision provides much-needed certainty for those living in the United States under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. It is the right thing to do – period,” he said. “These young men and women came to our country through no fault of their own and are making meaningful contributions to our communities. Over the years I’ve gotten to know many Dreamers living in Southwest Michigan, some of whom came here when they were just 8 years old and know no other country than the United States. They’ve made their lives here. And now they will get to stay.”
Michigan League for Public Policy President and CEO Gilda Jacobs said that 5,000 immigrant children “realized their American dream here in Michigan. … These ‘dreamers’ are a key part of the fabric of our state and strong contributors to our state tax base — to the tune of over $6 million, our economy, our jobs, our culture and our future.”
Justice Clarence Thomas called the ruling “mystifying” in a dissenting opinion. “Today’s decision must be recognized for what it is: an effort to avoid a politically controversial but legally correct decision,” he wrote.
The ruling will likely inflame partisan tensions ahead of the 2020 presidential contest. It comes days after the court issued an unexpected ruling protecting LGBTQ workers from job discrimination.
U.S. Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) called the pair of rulings “a bright ray of sunshine” during difficult times. “This is a wonderful, wonderful day,” he said in a statement.
The DACA program was created in 2012 to allow certain immigrants who arrived in the United States before age 16 to apply for temporary protection from deportation and work permits.
About 700,000 people have participated in the program, according to the court. A 2017 survey of DACA recipients found that nearly all respondents were either employed or in school, according to the Center for American Progress.
President Donald Trump vowed on the campaign trail to “end” the program. His administration made good on his promise in 2017, but lower courts blocked the decision from taking effect.
The administration could try to end the program again, the court noted. If it does, it will have to do so in a way that complies with federal law governing such decisions.
Last June, the U.S. House passed legislation that would safeguard the program and provide a pathway to citizenship for Dreamers. The bill has not been taken up in the U.S. Senate.
Advance Editor Susan J. Demas contributed to this story.