WASHINGTON — Senate Republicans unveiled a police reform bill Wednesday that takes a markedly different approach to police reform efforts backed by congressional Democrats.
The Senate GOP bill would incentivize police departments to ban chokeholds, increase the use of body-worn cameras, improve training in de-escalation tactics and take prior records into greater account when making hiring decisions.
It would also increase data collection on the use of force, weapon discharge and no-knock warrants and make lynching a federal crime, among other things.
“When Black Americans tell us they do not feel safe in their own communities, we need to listen,” U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said on the Senate floor Wednesday.
U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), however, called the GOP bill “inadequate” in a statement. And Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y) said the GOP approach “does not rise to the moment.”
“We have a tale of two chambers, a glaring contrast between a strong, comprehensive Democratic bill in the House, and a much narrower, and much less effective Republican bill in the Senate,” Schumer said on the Senate floor.
Schumer called on Republicans to take a more comprehensive and inclusive approach to the issue and act before the July 4 recess.
“This has been a pervasive and deep problem in America for decades and centuries,” he said on the Senate floor Monday. “To now give it short shrift — to try and get off the hook — would be so wrong at the moment when Americans are calling for it.”
A ‘false, binary choice’
U.S. Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina — the chamber’s lone Black Republican who led the Senate GOP police reform effort — told reporters Wednesday that the bill aims to “restore confidence communities of color have in institutions of authority.”
Scott said Senate Republicans are listening to public concerns about law enforcement and noted that he has borne the brunt of racial profiling himself, such as when he was given a warning for failing to turn on a turn signal soon enough before changing lanes.
“We hear you,” he said.
But Scott also voiced strong support for law enforcement, saying the “overwhelming” number of officers are “good people” who work hard to keep communities safe and orderly.
Supporting either law enforcement or communities of color is a “false binary choice,” he said.
McConnell accelerated the timetable for floor consideration and now plans to bring the GOP bill to the floor for a vote next week — roughly a month after the death of George Floyd while being arrested by a white Minneapolis police officer.
The Senate GOP bill differs in key ways from a Democratic police reform package introduced earlier this month. That bill would ban chokeholds and no-knock warrants at the federal level and would address qualified immunity — an issue Scott called a “poison pill.”
The Democratic legislation would also bar racial and religious profiling, mandate police training in racial profiling and require state and local law enforcement agencies to report use-of-force data by race and other characteristics. And it would limit the transfer of military-grade equipment to state and local law enforcement officials.
The Senate GOP bill does not address racial profiling or the transfer of military equipment to police, Schumer said.
The U.S. House Judiciary Committee will mark up the Democratic measure Wednesday. It has more than 218 co-sponsors, virtually ensuring passage in the House chamber.
Scott said there is significant overlap between Democratic and Republican approaches to police reform and is working with U.S. Sen. Cory Booker of New Jersey, a Black Democrat, on the issue.
President Donald Trump said Tuesday he would support congressional action on police reform.
Trump signs modest police reform order
Trump signed a modest police reform order Tuesday. It’s unclear how the federal order will affect officers’ behavior as police departments generally fall under the purview of state and local governments, or what effect it may have on police reform legislation in Congress.
The executive order strengthens efforts to track police misconduct and uses federal funds to encourage police departments to improve training and certification standards and to work with social workers and other “co-responders” when responding to calls involving homelessness, mental illness and substance abuse.
Under the order, the U.S. attorney general will require police credentialing agencies to confirm that departments bar chokeholds except when use of deadly force is permitted by law.
“Today is about pursuing common sense,” Trump said at a signing ceremony in the White House Rose Garden. “We have to find common ground.”
During his remarks, Trump delivered a strong defense of the nation’s “brave men and women in blue” but said he is committed to working with Congress to enact additional police reforms.
Congressional Democrats introduced a sweeping police reform package earlier this month that would bar racial and religious profiling, mandate police training in racial profiling and require state and local law enforcement agencies to report use-of-force data by race and other characteristics.
The legislation would also make it easier to hold police accountable for misconduct, ban chokeholds and no-knock warrants at the federal level, limit the transfer of military-grade equipment to state and local law enforcement officials and more.
The U.S. House Judiciary Committee plans to mark up the bill Wednesday, and the House is expected to approve it this month.