WASHINGTON — The U.S. House voted Thursday to repeal the 2002 authorization for the use of military force (AUMF) that allowed the former President George W. Bush administration to wage war against Saddam Hussein’s government in Iraq.
Most House Democrats joined 11 Republicans and one independent — U.S. Rep. Justin Amash (I-Cascade Twp.) — to approve a resolution to approve the repeal amid concerns about escalating tensions with Iran and complaints by members of Congress that the legislative branch has been sidelined by the executive branch in decisions about waging war.
The final tally was 236-166. In an unusual result, no Michigan lawmakers voted for the resolution. All seven Democrats plus and Amash and U.S. Rep. Fred Upton (R-St. Joseph) voted yes.
The five other Michigan Republicans didn’t vote: U.S. Reps. Bill Huizenga (R-Zeeland), Paul Mitchell (R-Dryden), John Moolenaar (R-Midland), Tim Walberg (R-Tipton) and Jack Bergman (R-Watersmeet).
U.S. Rep. Dan Kildee (D-Flint) said on the House floor Thursday that the 2002 AUMF is now obsolete. “But we continue, Democratic presidents and Republican presidents to use authorization for the use of military force ongoing as if the same conditions exist.”
Supporters of the repeal have long portrayed the effort as an attempt to restore Congress’ power. It’s gotten renewed attention after President Donald Trump ordered the killing of a top Iranian general, Qassim Suleimani, who was in Iraq at the time of his death in early January.
“For too many years, Congress has allowed administration after administration after administration to sideline us on critical foreign policy matters,” said U.S. Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
“The American people are sick of perpetual war. And if we don’t do everything in our power to make sure this administration cannot plunge us into another war that we don’t want, then we will have let the American people down,” Engel said.
U.S. Rep. Rashida Tlaib (D-Detroit) said, “This administration’s rogue attempt to start a war with Iran endangered countless lives around the world and was a wakeup call for Congress that we must reclaim our constitutional role as a check on executive power to wage endless wars.”
Several House Republicans made similar arguments, including some staunch allies of Trump.
U.S. Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-Fla.), a Trump loyalist who endorsed Democrats’ AUMF repeal effort, noted on the House floor that Hussein died more than a decade ago.
“If we are unable to declare victory and bring our troops home at this time, after Saddam is dead, after his regime has evaporated, after ISIS has collapsed, then no war is ever truly winnable, and every authorization is an authorization for a forever war,” Gaetz said on the House floor.
Earlier this month, a bipartisan group of House lawmakers penned an op-ed in the Washington Post supporting the repeal of the 2002 AUMF. Amash joined U.S. Reps. Ken Buck (R-Co.), Jared Golden (D-Maine), Scott Perry (R-Pa.), Dean Phillips (D-Minn.) and Abigail Spanberger (D-Va.) in authoring the column.
“This authorization has fully outlived its purpose, given the death of Hussein, regime change and the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 2011, regardless of how one views the merits of that withdrawal,” they wrote.
But the measure adopted Thursday faces opposition from the White House and many Republicans who warn it’ll hinder the executive branch from protecting Americans. Opponents argue that dissolving the AUMF without an adequate substitute would weaken U.S. national security.
“We should not be repealing current counter-terrorism authorities unless and until we have replaced them with an updated AUMF that clearly allows us to confront the enemies that continue to threaten our nation, our people and our allies,” said U.S. Rep. Michael McCaul (R-Texas), the top Republican on the Foreign Affairs Committee.
Trump wrote on Twitter Wednesday ahead of the House vote: “With Votes in the House tomorrow, Democrats want to make it harder for Presidents to defend America, and stand up to, as an example, Iran. Protect our GREAT COUNTRY!”
The House also voted 228-175 Thursday to approve a separate measure to block funding for military action against Iran. That measure had the support of four House Republicans and one independent, Amash.
The Michigan delegation voted almost identically to the other measure, with all seven Democrats and Amash voting yes. This time, Upton voted no. The same five other Republicans didn’t vote on this resolution, either.
The White House has threatened to veto both measures.
The House voted earlier this month on another resolution to curtail Trump’s ability to take military action against Iran without first securing congressional approval.
A similar bipartisan resolution has been introduced in the Senate by Virginia Democratic U.S. Sen. Tim Kaine. Kaine said he had 51 votes needed to advance his resolution in the Senate, but the effort has stalled amid the Senate impeachment trial.
Enacting the resolution would likely require two-thirds majorities in the House and Senate to override an expected Trump veto, AP reported.
Advance Editor Susan J. Demas contributed to this story.