Updated, 8:31 p.m., 1/16/19
WASHINGTON — The U.S. House passed a resolution Thursday that would overturn a Trump administration rule that critics say guts protections for defrauded student loan borrowers.
The resolution expresses congressional disapproval of the so-called borrower defense rule, which was revised by U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, a West Michigan native.
“We should not be protecting fraudulent institutions that prey on students. We should be working to prevent fraud in education in the first place,” U.S. Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-Dearborn) said on the House floor before voting yes. “It is vital that defrauded students have a process that is fair and easy to understand, and this new guidance makes it substantially more difficult for these students to receive the relief that they desperately need. Denying debt relief to defrauded students is wrong.”
Led by Nevada Democratic U.S. Rep. Susie Lee, the resolution was approved with support from 225 Democrats and six Republicans. Opposing it were 179 Republicans and one independent.
“By passing this resolution, the House made it clear that we care more about defending defrauded students than enriching predatory schools,” Lee said in a press conference after the vote. “We told Betsy DeVos that we’re not going to sit on the sidelines while these institutions scam our families, our friends, our neighbors and our veterans.”
Eighteen lawmakers— six Democrats and 12 Republicans — did not cast votes.
The Michigan delegation was split 7-7, with all seven Democrats, who are co-sponsors, voting yes and six Republicans plus U.S. Rep. Justin Amash (I-Cascade Twp.) voting no.*
“The reality is this resolution is the least we can do as a government. This is the least we can do for those who have been defrauded, for those who have been robbed,” U.S. Haley Stevens (D-Rochester Hills) said.
DeVos’ revisions to the Obama-era program make the process for applying for and granting loan forgiveness unnecessarily difficult and burdensome, the resolution’s supporters said. That has left defrauded students — many of whom are low-income, of color or have served in the military — with useless degrees, crushing debt and little recourse for relief.
“These are Americans we should be standing up for, not taking advantage of,” said Lee, who has worked at nonprofit organizations in the education sector.
GOP U.S. Rep. Virginia Foxx of North Carolina, the ranking member on the House Education and Labor Committee, defended DeVos’ revisions on the House floor Thursday, calling them common-sense changes that are needed to address serious flaws in the former President Obama-era policy, increase transparency and save taxpayers billions of dollars.
At the same time, she charged Democrats with ulterior motives.
The resolution — passed the day after House Democrats delivered articles of impeachment to the U.S. Senate — is “the latest attempt by House Democrats to undermine the Trump administration,” Foxx said. “It seems these attempts will never end.”
U.S. Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) has introduced a similar resolution in the Senate and said Thursday he is reaching out to GOP colleagues to garner their support.
Both of Michigan’s U.S. senators — Debbie Stabenow (D-Lansing) and Gary Peters (D-Bloomfield Twp.) — are co-sponsors.
Trump veto threat
The resolution faces an uphill battle in the GOP-controlled U.S. Senate and President Trump has threatened to veto the resolution.
But Lee said in an interview earlier this week that the resolution nonetheless serves as a valuable “check” on the administration’s student loan policies.
“Every state in this country has thousands of students that have been defrauded by these predatory schools,” she said. Opponents of the resolution are “going to have to go back to their constituents and explain their vote on this.”
Originally conceived as a form of consumer protection, the borrower defense rule was rarely used until claims began to pile up from students who had been enrolled in for-profit colleges. A big spike in claims came after the closure of Corinthian Colleges, which left hundreds of thousands of students in debt and with an education of little value.
In response, the Obama administration rewrote the rule to set up a system of loan forgiveness in cases of institutional misconduct. The rule took effect in October 2016, months before Trump took office.
When DeVos took the helm of the Education Department, she said she wanted to rewrite the Obama-era rule, which she thought was too lenient.
The Trump administration stopped processing new and pending claims and started work on new regulations. Meanwhile, student advocacy groups sued the agency for inaction. But as the battle works its way through the courts, the pending claims are still awaiting response and it is unclear when or how the department will process them.
Last year, the Education Department finalized its new regulations to oversee the process for future claims. Under the revised rule, students can still seek repayment regardless of whether their loan is in default, but it adds some requirements for repayment for future claims.
DeVos testified on behalf of the change before the U.S. House Education and Labor Committee last month. “Any form of blanket approval for forgiveness is not fair to the taxpayers nor does it represent the spirit and intent of any of the borrower defense to repayment rules,” she said at the time.
U.S. Rep. Bobby Scott (D-Va.), chair of the House Education and Labor Committee, disagreed Thursday, saying in a statement that the Obama-era rule “provides a fair and streamlined process to provide debt relief to defrauded students.”
Foxx, meanwhile, sided with the administration, calling the Obama-era rule “irresponsible” because it exceeded the scope of current practice, blurred the lines between fraud and inadvertent error and came with a “shocking” price tag.
“The Obama regulations created more chaos than clarity,” she said, and were essentially “a backdoor scheme to hand out free education.”
Advance Editor Susan J. Demas contributed to this report.
* This story has been corrected on the Michigan delegation’s vote totals.